3.4.1 Meeting the sustainable development goals requires improving food access for the poorest households

Access to food may be improved through overall economic growth, through boosting local agricultural production or through specific targeting of food-insecure groups.

In the Global Technology pathway, trade in agricultural products is liberalised and production tends to take place in intensive farming systems. This results in cheaper food for everyone. No specific targeting of poor households is assumed. Therefore, the skewed distribution between the rich and the poor remains. In the Decentralised Solutions and Consumption Change pathways, measures are applied that specifically improve the affordability of food for the poorest households. This results in a more equal distribution of consumption. The above figure shows how this would work out for Central Africa, a region where many people currently live below the hunger line.