3.7.1 Reduction in consumption and losses

Consumption of fewer animal products and reductions in food losses would substantially reduce the need to increase productivity.

Consumption Change pathway shows that limiting consumption of meat and dairy products and reducing food losses would also be especially effective for achieving the goals. Production of livestock products demands large tracts of land for grazing and feed production. Currently, more than half of the global population eats more meat than is considered healthy (Willet diet) and this number will continue to grow up to 2050.

Moreover, estimated food losses stand at one-third of the agricultural production. A reduction in these losses would help to considerably reduce the required amount of agricultural land for the same net consumption level. To attain the biodiversity and hunger targets, it should be noted that still productivity increases would still be needed.