5.2.1 Sustainable development goals and targets

An internationally agreed set of (aspirational) sustainable development goals and targets could further operationalise the long-term vision. Sustainable development goals could form a coherent policy framework, guiding sustainability policies, worldwide.

Past experience (e.g. the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and some international environmental policies) has shown that goal-setting could aid effective decision-making. In a similar way, sustainable development goals could provide a policy framework guiding sustainability policies, worldwide. Possible goals and targets may include food security, biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, access to modern energy sources, climate change, and air pollution control. Any agreement on goals, however, can only be effective if the governance rules of the game are also changed.