5.5.1 Three strategies for international policy-making

As part of a pragmatic response, the focus could be on three complementary strategies.

Progress may result from new coalitions of the willing, consisting of both state and non-state actors, such as municipalities, businesses, NGOs and local citizen organisations. Through their cooperation, they could contribute to a scale up of local solutions.

Sustainability actions could be reframed, finding new and more appealing concepts to mobilise citizens, businesses and governments around the world. Examples include concepts such as the green economy, resource efficiency, energy security and human health. These framings need to be based on the aspirations, primary concerns and interests of societal actors.

Existing institutions that deal with sustainability at international level need to improve their performance. This would include a strengthening of sustainable development within the United Nations, strengthening the environmental pillar of the UN system, ensuring a better science?policy interface, and giving businesses and non-governmental organisations a stronger role within the international system.